Basic sequence AID to programming most transceivers. By KC7FKW

This is not a specific set of instructions for any specific transceiver, only an AID which I have developed and used for years, generally applicable to most units. That is not a substitute for a proper Owner’s Manual; I highly suggest acquiring a Manual for every device you have. Proper Manuals, are a great reference, and allow you to become proficient with your equipment (Whatever that happens to be). The below sequence is not ‘written in stone’, your given unit may not coincide exactly; it’s entirely up to you to learn the requirements of you particular unit/s. Feel free to rearrange sequences, as you see fit, to your particular situation.

[ By the way, an ‘improper Owner’s Manual’, typically (A) contains typographical errors, (B) is missing paragraphs/pages/illustrations, (C) has text which the author of, only understands some other language and grammar rules, other than English/American – the preceding are two different languages; with some similarities – , (D) may be lacking in intutiveness; confusing, rather than being helpful, (E) may be compiled by person/s lacking expertise, dealing with technical data; the end result is of such poor quality, you might actually need to develop your own Manual, ‘from scratch’ . ! ! ! } Been there, done that; not for the ‘faint-hearted’. So much for rambling on, let’s get to the ‘nitty gritty’, of the article.


If you’re not sure of the status of a older unit, which have a CMOS Memory Battery, replace it now. Also, it might be a good time to perform a Master Reset, depending upon what is currently programmed. Only minor re-programming may be needed. If there is a significant amount of Data to be changed/updated, Do a Master Reset. Better now, than later.

( 1.) Gather together all necessary data, you’ll need to wisely select the data, to be programmed into your unit.

( 2.) Obtain the Owners Manual, if you don’t already have it. Review it, and Learn : Basic functions, Specifications, Warnings/Cautions; which are usually contained therein. You need to be cognizant of any limitations, otherwise you may waste a lot of time & effort. Especially with modern units whereby a given step requires a momentary button/key press, or conversely Press and Hold for more than one second, Rotate the Main Knob, etc., etc. Modern units are VERY unforgiving, as to physical input requirements. Some units are incapable of being manually programmed. Do you really want a unit, which would necessitate taking a computer along, just to make a minor change/input ?

( 2a.) Be very careful when obtaining a copy of the Instruction Manual. Due to production changes, earlier versions of a given Manual [in most cases] are totally useless, for a later version of any device/equipment. Then again, the Instruction Manual for a new product may have so many errors, that it also is also totally useless, when it comes to relating the written text of a Manual to the actual device for which the Manual-in-hand is supposed to apply. Somewhat comparable to the Engineering Department, the Documentation Department, the Software Development Department, and finally the Printing Department are working against each other rather than co-operating. { IE; the ED folks discovered they had technical errors in Model A, requiring redevelopment and moved on to Model B, scrapping the Model A entirely. Yet the DD folks weren’t informed about the Model A errors (so they happily carry-on with the now outdated Model A documentation). Separately, the SDD folks discover the Model A errors, and they dream up a ‘software fix’, to resolve the Model A issues – but Model B is now being designed . The SD fix, if inadvertently applied to the Model B, now adds to the development ‘fiasco’. Finally the PD folks get all set up for printing an Instruction Manual. But, something goes awry and the draft copy text of both the Model A AND the Model B text get intermingled, they are unaware; but the end result ‘goes to press’ anyway. This convoluted scenario, seems to occur with most (all ?) Chinese products being developed/deployed. The purchaser ends up with a device with ‘built in’ errors, faulty documentation, and probably a limited warranty which will expire, well before someone else can figure out WHAT THE HECK IS GOING ON ! ! !. } Let’s add into the mix, different languages, and the inherent introduced mistakes. Moving on:

( 3.) Using Graph Paper (‘Olden Days’), or computer Spreadsheet (newer more confusing method, for ‘computer illiterates’); document the data in the arrangement/data to be entered into your unit. Cull out all un-neccesary items. [you don’t really need everything, do you?] Your acquired data, probably has considerable items, which will fill up limited Memory capacity. (IE: your brain has only so much space. Do you actually need the entire Library Of Congress data, causing massive overload ?] ‘Weed out the chaff”. You can’t load a 100 Memory Bank, with more than it can handle. Only when this task is completed, are you really ready to tackle actual programming.

In the sequence which follows, the brackets [ ] are where you should insert/document specific data. Examples: the OEM Manual Page #, Section #, Paragraph #, Figure #, Illustration #, etc., will make for quick referral, if needed, and will be beneficial. RX = Received,

RX = Receive, whereas TX = Transmit.

( 4.) Select the VFO Mode. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 5.) Enter the Repeaters’ TX Frequency {Repeater Output, which you monitor.}

most units only require entering the TX Frequency. Other units may require, both RX and TX, each to be entered separately. Some units use a convention opposite to what you may be used to.

( 6.) Enter the TX OffSet direction, -/+/none, etc. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 7.) Enter the TX OffSet Frequency, usually .600 kHz for 2 Meters / 5.0 mHz for 70cm. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 8.) Enter the Step Size. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [ Etc ]. Usually 10 kHz.

( 9.) Enter the CTCSS/PL Frequency. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [ Etc ].

Most units are programmed so both RX & TX are the same. Other units may require, both RX & TX, each to be entered separately.

( 10.) Enter the sequence to Enable the Tone Encoder. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 11.) Enter the desired TX Power Level, remember, no more than necessary. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 12.) Enter the sequence to transfer the entered Data (from VFO) into a selected Memory Channel/Position. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 13.) Enter the desired TOT length. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 14.) Enter the sequence to LockOut a selected Memory Channel. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 15.) Select the Memory Mode. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 16.) Enter desired Memory Channel Label. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 17.) Enter the desired Band Scan Limits. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 18.) Enter the desired DTMF AutoPatch data. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 19.) Enter the desired Squelch Level. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 20.) If an issue develops, try Deleting the data, from a given Memory Channel. Confirm accuracy, and reenter. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ].

( 21.) If all else fails, as a last resort, enter the sequence to perform a Master Reset. [Pg. ], [Section. ], [Figure. ], [Etc ]. This action, usually, resets everything, back to ‘Out of the Box’ factory default condition. You get to start all over, from scratch. ! ! !

If the ‘powers that be’ have co-operated, and everything has gone ‘without a glitch’, you are now done ! ! !

You might want to print out a hardcopy of the data inserted/documented into your SpreadSheet or Word Processor document. Make sure you ‘Save’ a copy of your efforts; it’ll come in handy later on. [UNTIL NEXT TIME this has been Wayne, KC7FKW].